The Republic of Ararat was a self-proclaimed Kurdish state. It was located in the east of modern Turkey, being centred on Ağrı Province. Agirî is the Kurdish name for Ararat.

The Republic of Ararat led by the Khoybun party (founded by Kurds and Armenians) declared independence in 1927, during a wave of rebellion among Kurds in south-eastern Turkey. The Ararat rebellion was led by General İhsan Nuri Pasha. In October 1927, a village near Mount Ararat was designated as the provisional capital of Kurdistan. Khoybun made appeals to the Great Powers and the League of Nations, and also sent messages to other Kurds in Iraq and Syria to ask for co-operation